Working with Words Blog Post

This is how I solved the driving question for the Working with Words Humanities project.  The driving question for this project is: How can we represent worldview through poetry?

I will write the answer to this at the bottom of my post.  For this project we had to make a book that contained a series of poems and how they relate to worldview .

I also will leave the link to my poetry book at the bottom of this post

This is my review and process of creating the book.

I think that if I were to do it again then I would spend more time trying to get the poems from earlier stages to relate to worldview more obviously.

I think that the book is pretty cool, and I am proud of the final result.

The steps that I took to make this book were:

Poem 1:  For this part we had to make poem that in at least some way represented our worldview.

Poem 2:  For this part we had to make 3 haikus and a poem using a paragraph or quote from something.

Poem 3:  For this part we had to make a poem that let the reader easily visualize the imagery in the poem.

Poem 4:  For this part we made a poem that let the reader “hear” what was happening in the poem

Poem 5:  For this part we made a poem about a important experience that shaped our worldview.

Poem 6:  For this part we made a poem personifying worldview 

Poem 7:  For this part we made a self-portrait poem

Blog post:  For this part we made the blog post which I am doing right now.

As the answer to the driving question, worldview can be easily represented by literature, but worldview is also objective, so you have to make it objective in your poem otherwise it is just your worldview.

I learned a lot about poetry and how to become better at writing in this project. I feel like a major turning point in this project was the imagery poem, as I feel as that poem was much of an improvement from the previous poems I made.

Here is a link to the finished project/book.

Ice, Cats, and Worldview by Noah Del Fante

Thank you for taking the time to read my blog, and have a great day.

Script

Revolution on Trial: 

Prosecution Group Member Names & Roles: 

  • Patrick as Prosecution Lawyer 1 
  • Ava as Prosecution Lawyer 2
  • Noah as Prosecution Lawyer 3
  • Sabrina as Prosecution Lawyer 4
  • Alicia as Prosecution Lawyer 5
  • Declan as Witness / Zhang Gang 

Defence Group Member Names & Roles: 

  • David Payne as Lawyer 1.
  • Max Rasmussen as Lawyer 2.
  • Ben Tuck as Lawyer 3.
  • Ariane Clemente as Lawyer 4.
  • Gwen Lewis as Lawyer 5.
  • Max Louie as Witness / Sun Yat-Sen

____________________________________________________________________________________

Clerk: Order in court, all rise. The honourable judge X presides. 

(Judge enters, takes seat and organizes gavel, documents etc.) 

Judge: You may be seated. 

Clerk: We would like to respectfully acknowledge that this court resides on the traditional, ancestral and unceded territory of the Coast Salish peoples. Specifically, the Squamish, Musqueam and Tsleil-Waututh First Nations. We respect the land and honour this tradition of land acknowledgment that dates back centuries for Indigenous people. With this acknowledgment, and as we come together to determine the effectiveness of this revolution, we thank those Indigenous people who still live on and care for these lands.

Judge: Are the defence and prosecution ready to proceed? 

(Patrick) Lawyer 1: We are, your honour. 

(David) Lawyer 1: We are, your honour.

Judge: Will the Court Clerk please read the information? 

Clerk: The Xinhai Revolution is being charged with being ineffective in creating a fair and functional society. As established by the PLP 9 court, an effective revolution contains six criteria. It must include the reformation of political systems aligning with the voice of the people, an increase of rights and freedoms for the people, a removal of a dictator with sweeping power, the achievement of financial stability, an improvement in standard of living, and the removal of internal conflict. 

Judge: The prosecution may now make an opening statements if they desire. 

(Patrick) Lawyer 1: Thank you your honour. (Insert Opening Statement here – 1 minute) 

(Patrick) Lawyer 1: Good evening, members of jury. My name is Patrick, and I am to serve as a prosecutor for this case. Today we will be presenting our case against the effectiveness of the 1911-1912 Xinhai revolution. We have discovered that this revolution did not accomplish a majority of the required criteria of an effective revolution. It is our belief that the events of the Xinhai Revolution directly caused an increase of internal conflict, continued national instability, and a political reform that diminished the voices of the people. With the evidence we will bring to the court today, we are confident that we will convince you to return a verdict of guilty.

Judge: The defence may now make an opening statement if they desire. 

(David) Lawyer 1: Thank you your honour. Ladies and Gentlemen of the Jury my team and I stand before you today to prove the effectiveness of the Xinhai Revolution which took place on October 11, 1911. In this trial there are 4 facts. I will present these facts to you, you will then look at the evidence and decide wether this revolution was effective or not. 

The first fact is this revolution brought freedom, equality, and jobs to the people of China. 

The second fact is that this revolution was the first revolution to end monarchy completely. The revolution ended 4000 years of monarchy, this created an opportunity for the revolutionaries to establish a republic and spread democratic ideas throughout China. 

The third fact is that the revolution bringing China into the 20th century created more economic stability and created far more job opportunities that required little experience. According to statistics, the Chinese working class numbered about 100,000 people before the Xinhai Revolution. That number increased to 1 million by 1914. 

The fourth fact is this revolution overthrew the autocratic corrupt Empire the Qing Dynasty which defied its own philosophical roots and went against what it stood for. Soon you will see how these facts prove how this revolution was effective.

 

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Judge: The prosecution may now call their first witness. 

(Ava) Lawyer 2: My name is Ava Robertson, and I’ll be conducting direct examinations with Noah Del-Fante. We call upon our witness, Zhang Gang, to the stand. 

Court Clerk: Take the PLP 9 norms in your right hand. Raise your left hand. Do you affirm that the evidence you shall give shall be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth? 

(Declan) Zhang Gang: I do. 

Court Clerk: Please state your name and spell your last name for the record.

(Declan) Zhang Gang: My name is Zhang Gang. My last name is spelt G-A-N-G

(Ava) Lawyer 2: (begin Direct Examination 2 minutes) 

(Ava) Lawyer 2: Mr. Gang, please state your residency to the court.

(Declan) Zhang: I live in Wenzhou, a village in the eastern province of Zhenjiang. (zee-han-jang)

(Ava) Lawyer 2: What were your roles in your village?

(Declan) Zhang: I was frequently a mediator for conflicts between villagers, and I gathered information from fellow scholars.

(Ava) Lawyer 2: Am I correct to assume that you have allowed the court to use your diary as evidence during this trial? 

(Declan) Zhang: That is correct. 

(Ava) Lawyer 2: When did you start using this diary, and for how long did you use it?

(Declan) Zhang: I’ve used this diary for a majority of my life, and especially used it to record my experiences during the Xinhai Revolution. 

(Ava) Lawyer 2: As a citizen, what were your hopes for the revolution?

(Declan) Zhang: I wished that the revolutionaries would eliminate the unjust rules established by the Qing. 

(Ava) Lawyer 2: Was the new republic, created by the revolutionaries, able to destroy these “tyrannical policies?” 

(Declan) Zhang: No. In fact, I’ve observed that the Republic made China’s policies worse. Judicial officials had more abusive power. This stopped and worried mediators, like me, whom always resolved disputes peacefully.

(Ava) Lawyer 2: Could you further describe your struggles with the new legal systems?

(Declan) Zhang: Yes. Policemen fabricated charges, and “exceeded a proper degree of suspect arrest.” Many Judicial officials and Republican policemen didn’t even have proper trials, not caring who is legally right and wrong in disputes!

(Ava) Lawyer 2: Would this mean that, in initiating unfair arrests and fabricated charges, the revolution gave less power to the people, and decreased the living standards of citizens?

(Declan) Zhang: Yes, that is the truth.

(Noah) Lawyer 3: Since you are a well educated person and you could barely understand the unjust laws established by the Republic of China, do you agree that other citizens may be even more confused and helpless to these cruel policies? 

(Declan) Zhang: Yes, as I have previously stated, the new laws were confusing. Even though I am educated, these policies were still hard to understand. I can’t imagine how uneducated citizens would have interpreted these new laws. 

(Noah) Lawyer 3: No further questions.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Judge: Does the Defence wish to conduct cross-examine?

(Ben) Defence Lawyer 2: Yes, your honour. My name is Ben Tuck, and I’ll be conducting the cross examination with Ariane Clemente. (Cross Examination begins 1 minute)

  • (Ben) Where were you during October 11, 1911?

(Declan) Zhang: As a citizen, I mostly lived in my village, Wenzhou. I often travelled to other villages during this time. I don’t remember exactly what I did that day, but I do remember eventually hearing about the revolutionaries. 

  • (Ben) What events do you think led up to the revolution?

(Declan) Zhang: There was a lot of unrest. Most people believed that the Qing Dynasty was weak, and that we needed a new ruler to bring us through the new century. I had hoped that the revolution would eliminate the tyrannical policies enforced by the Qing, but the new political system was radically different. Mediators became redundant, and judicial officials exerted more control over criminal proceedings.

  • (Ariane) How were you involved in the revolution?

(Declan) Zhang: I was not directly involved in the revolution. I was an ordinary citizen. However, through this trial, I hope to represent the voices of people like me. 

  • (Ariane) In your opinion, why might have the revolution been necessary?

 

(Declan) Zhang: The revolution was necessary in changing old policies, but the new changes became radical, and the people’s voices were lost. 

  • (Ariane) Regardless of any consequences that may have been due to the revolution, do you think the revolution itself was executed effectively?

(Ava) OBJECTION: Your honour, the effectiveness of a revolution depends on its results. How can you determine the execution of a revolution without considering and examining the consequences?

(Judge): Overruled.

(Declan) Zhang: As I was saying, I feel as if it was executed somewhat effectively due to the lack of major causalities. However, I feel as if a lot of the revolutionaries were rioting and disturbed the social order of China.

Ariane: No further questions.

(Clerk): Witness is dismissed

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Judge: The defence may now call their first witness. 

(Max R) Lawyer 3: Hello, my name is Max Rasmussen and I’m a defence lawyer for this case. I would like to call Sun Yat-Sen to the stand.

Court Clerk: Take the PLP 9 norms in your right hand. Raise your left hand. Do you affirm that the evidence you shall give shall be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth? 

(Max L) Sun Yat-Sen Defence Witness: I do. 

Court Clerk: Please state name and spell your last name for the record.

(Max L) Yat-Sen: Dr. Sun Yat-Sen, Y-A-T-S-E-N.

(Max) Lawyer 3 Defence: (begin Direct Examination 2 minutes) 

  • In what ways did you aid the revolutionary movement?

(Max L) Sun Yat-Sen Defence Witness: I am a revolutionary figure who helped in raising  funds for our cause, as well as recruiting members. Although I had not directly participated in the revolution, I contributed to the Revolutionary Alliance in a number of ways. 

• For what reasons did you want to revolt or uprise?

(Max L) Sun Yat-Sen Defence Witness: The Qing dynasty was weakening during the years prior to the revolution, particularly due to the fact that the final Qing emperor, Puyi, was a minor. In the years leading up to the revolution, an increasing discontent regarding the dynasty grew among citizens.

  • What made it crucial to act on October 11, 1911 despite many previous attempts to uprise?

(Max L) Sun Yat-Sen Defence Witness: Around this time, at least one third of the entire military force was part of our revolutionary movement. After records containing the names of revolutionaries were unexpectedly discovered, our people acted swiftly and fought back. The discovery of the identities of those on our side made it necessary to fight back. The fact that so many soldiers were on our side assisted us in the success of the revolution.

  • Seeing as you became the president of the Chinese Republic only after the revolution, would you agree that it was effective?

(Max L) Sun Yat-Sen Defence Witness: I was elected as the president by deputies from all the provinces of China, after the Edict of Abdication was announced by Empress Dowager. The aforementioned edict was a peaceful agreement which established the success of the revolution, which Yuan Shikai largely made possible. The Qing empire was then replaced with the Republic of China, in exchange for the financial security and safety of Puyi and his mother. So yes, I would agree that it was effective.

(Max R) Lawyer 3: No further questions.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Judge: Does the Prosecution wish to conduct cross-examination?

(Noah) Lawyer 3: Yes, your honour. (Cross Examination begins 1 minute)

(Noah) Lawyer 3: Mr. Yat-sen, I would like to confirm that creation of the Chinese Republic was your main goal through this revolution?

(Max L) Sun Yat-Sen Defence Witness: Yes, it was. My goal was to free China from imperial rule. I wanted the Chinese people to get what they wanted: democracy. 

(Noah) Lawyer 3: Do you still believe that the creation of the Chinese Republic was effective in solving the issues your people faced? 

(Max L) Sun Yat-Sen Defence Witness: Yes, I do. The outcome of this revolution resulted in many positive things. For example, Chinese industry grew, China became more self-reliant, and the Qing dynasty was expelled. 

(Noah) Lawyer 3: Did you account for the corruption that Mr. Gang and other citizens witnessed? With our evidence, would it be fair to believe that the revolution only replaced the old system and changed it little politically, especially with Yuan Shikai as president.

(Max L) Sun Yat-Sen Defence Witness: Although the outcome of the revolution itself wasn’t necessarily ideal for everyone, it had freed China of imperial rule from the Qing dynasty for multiple centuries. The Chinese Republic had been fleeting, and to my belief, had not actually replaced the dynasty itself.

(Noah) Lawyer 3: When you state that the Republic had not actually replaced the dynasty itself, then how do you account for the corruption witnessed by Mr. Gang? Corruption and tyrannical systems existed during Qing Dynasty, but continued on with the “fleeting reign” of the Republic. 

(Sabrina) Lawyer 4: Mr. Yat-sen, I just want to confirm something with you, is it true that you were out of country on the date October 11th 1911, the start of the revolution? 

(MAX R): OBJECTION: The evidence presented lacks relevance.

Judge: Overruled, please reword your question.

(Sabrina) Lawyer 4: Mr. Yat-sen were you out of the country during the start of the revolution?7

(Max L.) Sun Yat-Sen: Indeed I was out of the country, I was fundraising for the revolutionary cause.

(Sabrina) Lawyer 4: Also, Mr. Yat-sen, did you mention that Yuan Shikai made the revolution’s success peaceful?

(Max L) Sun Yat-Sen Defence Witness: I believe that Yuan Shikai was very successful in some areas. He attempted to lead China in a period of tyranny, yet he ultimately failed. 

(Sabrina) Lawyer 4: Are you aware of how Yuan Shikai corrupted the system and deemed himself the new “emperor?” In doing this, do you believe that Shikai destroyed the Republic of China in the process? Does this not deem the revolution ineffective, since it only replaced one tyrannical rule with another? 

(Max. L) Sun Yat- Sen: I put my trust in Yuan Shikai. his failure to rule the Republic does not reflect my impact on this country or on this revolution! 

(Ava) Lawyer 2: A successful Republic system wouldn’t have allowed Yuan Shikai to take power in the first place. This man was able to deem himself the new emperor, destroying everything the revolution stood for. The decision in allowing Shikai to rule an unstable Republic, forced China into another revolution and a civil war only a couple years after. Does this not prove that Xinhai revolution was useless in the long run, and led to more suffering for the people? 

No further questions….

(Clerk): Witness is dismissed

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Judge: Thank you. Prosecution, please proceed with your closing statement.

(Alicia) Lawyer 5: What is the most important part of a society? A strong leadership and a stable, united system that represents the people! With all the evidence provided, there should no doubt, in the eyes of the court, that the revolution was unsuccessful.

(Alicia) Lawyer 5: Mr. Gang has testified that the Xinhai revolution caused China’s justice system to become corrupted, and created radical political change. Do you honestly believe that this is the change the people of China wanted? To be unfairly arrested and exploited by their new republican government?

(Alicia) Lawyer 5: This revolution was ineffective in solving internal conflict, and only brought suffering and bloodshed to the people. The Xinhai Revolution even led to more revolutionary conflicts, like the Chinese Civil War and the Communist Revolution. 

(Alicia) Lawyer 5: A healthy society should seek the truth! Not fabricate lies and condemn innocent citizens behind bars! If a revolution harms the people it’s liberating, then how can it be successful? It just clearly can not!

Judge: Defence Council, are you prepared to make your Closing statement to the Jury?

Gwen : Yes, your honour. 

Lady’s and gentlemen you must acquit this revolution for these following reasons. First, the Xinhai revolution benefitted the Chinese people greatly. It created more job opportunities, it led to a more stable economy, and overall it made China a better place to be. Since toppling the Qing dynasty, China has flourished as a nation, and grown into the world power it is today as well as making China more equal then it was before. 

The prosecution may say that this revolution was ineffective but that is a lie. The criteria for an affective revolution includes the reformation of the political systems aligning with the voice of the people. that was accomplished by the people with their take down of the Qing dynasty. The people made it so that six-year olds couldn’t be put in power of their nation. They made it so they could have freedom in choosing their leader like we have today. 

Quoting Zou Rong,”How sublime is revolution, how majestic! It is inevitable if China is to be independent; it is inevitable is to take its place as a powerful nation on the globe; it is inevitable if China is to survive for long in the new world of the 20th century; it is inevitable if China is to be a great country in the world and play the leading role. Stand up for Revolution

_____________________________________________________________________________________

 

Judge: It is now my turn to charge the Jury. Members of the Jury please consider all evidence that has been presented. Please offer a verdict of GUILTY to represent the revolution was ineffective, or NOT GUILTY to represent the revolution was effective. May I now remind you of the six criteria of an effective revolution established by the PLP 9 court. 

A revolution is effective must include the reformation political systems aligning with the voice of the people, an increase of rights and freedoms for the people, a removal of a dictator with sweeping power, the achievement of financial stability, an improvement in standard of living, and the removal of internal conflict.

The jury will have 2 minutes to deliberate. Please indicate your decision has been made by holding up your verdict ballot. The Court Clerk will be present to answer any questions. Your 2 minutes starts now. 

Judge: Court Clerk, have the Members of the Jury reached a verdict?

Court Clerk: They have, your honour. 

Judge: What is your verdict? 

Court Clerk: On behalf of the jury, we find the accused revolution “Guilty / Not Guilty”

Judge: Thank you for your participation in our trial this audience. Case closed. The jury may be dismissed. 

(Audience claps, Greeters turn on house lights and lead jury members to the door, revolution in Green Room gets set up, Greeters swap) 

Affidavit

REVOLUTIONS ON TRIAL – SEYCOVE WINTER EXHIBITION

COURT Court of Queen’s Bench of Seycove 

 

JUDICIAL CENTRENorth Vancouver

PROSECUTION APPLICANTS Alicia Hepburn, Ava Robertson, Declan Rattray, Noah Del Fante, Patrick Jelstad, Sabrina Giustino 

 

DEFENCE RESPONDENTS Ariane Clemente, Ben Tuck, David Payne, Gwen Lewis, Max Louie, Max Rasmussen

 

DOCUMENT TYPE:

SWORN / AFFIRMED BY:Cody Harris and Emily Maxwell

(Harris and Maxwell)

SWORN / AFFIRMED ON: Dec. 1st 2021

(Date affidavit sworn / affirmed)

ADDRESS FOR SERVICE

AND CONTACT 1204 Caledonia Ave, North Vancouver BC V7G 2A6

INFORMATION OF PARTY Annex 

FILING THIS DOCUMENT 

1204 Caledonia Ave, North Vancouver BC V7G 2A6

 

I, Alicia Hepburn, Ava Robertson, Declan Rattray, Noah Del Fante, Patrick Jelstad, Sabrina Giustino, of North Vancouver, BC  

SWEAR / AFFIRM AND SAY THAT:

  1. I have personal knowledge of the following information, except where I say that what is stated is based on information from another person, in which case, I believe that information to be true to the best of my knowledge.

Witnesses:

Exhibit A: 

“My long struggles as a soldier of the Chinese Revolution have forced me to realize the necessity of facing hard facts. There will be neither peace, nor hope, nor future for any of us unless we honestly aim at political, social and economic justice for all peoples of the world, great and small.” 

~ Chiang Kai-shek

Exhibit B:

“Formerly, the battle-cry of the revolution was the overthrow of the Manchu Dynasty. Henceforth, it will be the overthrow of the intervention of foreign imperialism in China”

~ Sun Yat-sen

Exhibit C: 

“I am the one who will crush the Qing utterly. With the power of sun and moon I will smash through the boundaries of Helanshan pass. With fire and fury I shall come to the city of the Nanluo kings, and the might of the Yanhuang will rise again”

~ Sun Yat-sen

      

Exhibit D:

  

“Chinese troops and rebels battle for hours, neither has the advantage at close of fight”

The Evening Tribute Newspaper

“Conflict is Expected to be Renewed Soon; Several Important Towns are Report-

ed as Captured”

The Evening Tribute Newspaper

Exhibit E:

“I, Empress Dowager, […] together with the Emperor, hereby hand over the sovereignty [ 統治權: tǒng zhì quán] to be the possession of the whole people, and declare that the constitution shall henceforth be Republican, in order to satisfy the demands of those […] hating disorder and desiring peace, and anxious to follow the teaching of the sages, according to which the country is the possession of the People (天下爲公). Yuan Shi-kai, having been elected some time ago president of the National Assembly at Peking, is therefore able at this time to of change to unite the North and the South – let him then, with full powers so to do, organize a provisional Republican Government (MacNair 1927, p. 722-723).”

~ Empress Dowager (February 12 issued Abdication Edict)

Exhibit F:

“The people of Shanxi are naturally timid and gentle, not given to making disturbances, being the most peaceable people in China. So our Shanxi Christians were hopeful for themselves, even when the reports from the coast grew more alarming.

But there was one thing which caused us deep apprehension, and that was the fact that the wicked, cruel Yu Hsien, the hater of foreigners, was the newly appointed Governor of Shanxi. He had previously promoted the Boxer movement in Shantung and had persuaded the Empress Dowager that the Boxers had supernatural powers and were true patriots.

The wicked Governor, Yü Hsien, scattered proclamations stating that the foreign religions overthrew morality and inflamed men to do evil, so now gods and men were stirred up against them, and Heaven’s legions had been sent to exterminate the foreign devils. Moreover, there were the Boxers, faithful to their sovereign, loyal to their country, determined to unite in wiping out the foreign religion. He also offered a reward to all who killed foreigners, either titles or office or money.

So when the highest official in the province took such a stand in favour of the Boxers, what could inferior officials do? People and officials bowed to his will, and all who enlisted as Boxers were in high favour. It was a time of license and anarchy, when not only Christians were killed, but hundreds of others against whom individual Boxers had a grudge.

Early in June my college friend K’ung Hsiang Hsi came back from T’ungchou for his vacation, reporting that the state of affairs there and at Peking was growing worse, that the local officials were powerless against the Boxers, and that the Boxers, armed with swords, were constantly threatening Christians scattered in the country. Late in July a proclamation of the Governor was posted in the city in which occurred the words, “Exterminate foreigners, kill devils.” Native Christians must leave the church or pay the penalty with their lives.

Li Yij and I talked long and earnestly over plans for saving the lives of our beloved missionaries. “You must not stay here waiting for death,” we said. Yet we realized how difficult it would be to escape. Foreigners with light hair and fair faces are not easily disguised. Then where could they go?”

~ Fei Ch‘i-hao, Chinese Christian and (1899 – 1901) survivor

Exhibit G:

“In consideration of the fact that the Qing emperor has publicly announced his approval of the establishment of a republican form of government, the following Articles relating to the Favourable Treatment of the Qing emperor after his abdication are hereby set forth:

1. After the abdication of the Qing emperor, his title of dignity is to be retained by the Republic of China with the courtesies which it is customary to accord to foreign monarchs.

2. After the abdication of the emperor, he will receive from the Republic of China an annual subsidy of 4,000,000 taels. After the reform of the currency, this amount will be altered to $4,000,000.

3. After the abdication of the Qing emperor, he may, as a temporary measure, continue to reside in the Palace (in the Forbidden City), but afterwards, he will remove himself to the Yi-Ho Park (the Summer Palace). He may retain his bodyguard.

4. After the abdication of the Qing emperor, the temples and mausoleums of the imperial family with their appropriate sacrificial rites shall be maintained in perpetuity. The Republic of China will be responsible for the provision of military guards for their adequate protection.

5. As the Ch’ung mausoleum of the late emperor Te-Tsung has not yet been completed, the work will be carried out according to the proper regulations (relating to imperial tombs). The last ceremonies of sepulture will also be observed in accordance with the ancient rites. The actual expenses will all be borne by the Republic of China.

6. The services of all the persons of various grades hitherto employed in the Palace may be retained; but in future, no eunuchs are to be added to the staff.

7. After the abdication of the Qing emperor, his private property will be safeguarded and protected by the Republic of China.

8. The imperial guard corps as constituted at the time of the abdication will be placed under the military control of the War Office of the Republic of China. It will be maintained at its original strength and will receive the same emoluments as heretofore.”

This demand was created in 1914, by the Dowager Empress Longyu. In this demands she is securing a good life for herself and her son. This shows how the emperors even though there is a revolution still have power and high status in Chinese society.

Exhibit H:

“Sweep away millennia of despotism in all its forms, throw off millennia of slavishness, annihilate the five million and more of the furry and horned Manchu race, cleanse ourselves of 260 years of harsh and unremitting pain, so that the soil of the Chinese subcontinent is made immaculate, and the descendants of the Yellow Emperor will all become Washingtons.

How sublime is revolution, how majestic! It is inevitable if the Manchu yoke is to be thrown off; it is inevitable if China is to be independent; it is inevitable is to take its place as a powerful nation on the globe; it is inevitable if China is to survive for long in the new world of the 20th century; it is inevitable if China is to be a great country in the world and play the leading role. Stand up for Revolution! 

Fellow-countrymen, are there any of you whether old or in middle years, in your prime of life or young, be it man or woman, who is talking of revolution or working actively for revolution?

Fellow countrymen, assist each other and live for each other in revolution. I here cry at the top of my voice to spread the principles of revolution throughout the land. Revolution is the universal principle of evolution. Revolution is the essence of the struggle for survival of destruction in a time of transition. Revolution submits to heaven and responds to men’s needs. Revolution rejects what is corrupt and keeps the good. Revolution is the advance from barbarism to civilization. Revolution turns slaves into masters!

I have carefully modelled on the principles of American revolutionary independence. I have summarized them under a number of headings, and with the utmost deference I offer to my most revered and beloved 400 million countrymen of the great Han people to prepare them for the path they are to follow:

China is the China of the Chinese. Countrymen, you must all recognize the China of the Chinese of the Han race. Not to allow any alien race to lay their hands on the least rights of our China. Any obligations subordinating people to the Manchus are one and all annulled.

First, to overthrow the barbaric government set up by the Manchus in Peking… To expel the Manchus settled in China or kill them in order to revenge ourselves… To kill the emperor set up by the Manchus as a warning to the myriad generations that despotic government is not to be revived.

To set up a central government, which will act as a general body to run affairs. In each area and province, a deputy to a general assembly is to be elected by vote in public elections. From these deputies, one is to be elected by vote to serve as provisional president to represent the whole country.

The whole population, whether male or female, are citizens. All men have the duty to serve as citizen soldiers. Everybody has the duty of bearing the burden of taxation. The whole country has the duty to show loyalty to the newly established state. Everybody in the country, whether male or female, is equal. There is no distinction between upper and lower, base and noble.

All inalienable rights are bestowed by nature. The freedom to live and all other privileges are natural rights. Freedoms, such as that of speech, thought, the press, etc. cannot be infringed on. All rights must be defended. The government which must be set up by public agreement must employ all the powers granted purely to defend popular rights.”

~ Zou Rong, anti-Manchu nationalist (1903), arrested for writing this piece and died in prison on (1905)

Exhibit I:

“To-day I present to you my resignation and request you to elect a good and talented man as the new President. The election of President is a right of our citizens, and it is not for me to interfere in any way. But according to the telegram which our delegate Dr. Wu [Wu Tingfang] was directed to send to Peking, I was to undertake to resign in favor of Mr. Yuan [Yuan Shi-kai], [who] has declared his political views in support of the Republic […] The abdication of the Ch’ing [=Qing] Emperor and the union of the North and South are largely due to the great exertion of Mr. Yuan. Moreover, he has declared his unconditional adhesion to the national cause. Should he be elected to serve the Republic, he would surely prove himself a most loyal servant of the state (ibid., p. 728).”

~ Sun Yat-sen (February 14 declaration before the Assembly)

Exhibit J

The new political system that followed the revolution— the “Republic” (minguo) – beleaguered Zhang. While the entire country celebrated the arrival of the new era, Zhang also hoped that the new government could “eliminate the tyrannical policies” of the overthrown Qing dynasty. However, he soon discovered that the new political system, which featured a seemingly modern separation of state powers, was radically different from what he experienced during the Qing era. Before the revolution, Zhang served as a key agent in village mediation, a position that enabled him to engage in communal affairs and resolve disputes through negotiation with officials, clerks, and local powers. After the revolution, he now found he had lost the privileges in dealing with cases in a flexible manner. The judicial officials exerted more control over criminal proceedings than the Qing magistrates and clerks, leaving little room for mediators to manipulate in disputes. The policemen also frequently extorted fees from disputants, and even fabricated the charge and exceeded a proper degree of suspect arrest. Facing all these, Zhang lamented that Republican policemen had treated people aggressively, and had performed unjustly “regardless of who was wrong or wrong in disputes.”

~Zhang Gang

Exhibit K: 

Zhang did attempt to learn the new laws, but quickly realized that a traditional literato like him could hardly understand the new “scattered and fragmented” laws. The Republican system not only separated administrative power from judicial branch, but also distinguished criminal and civil procedures, trial and prosecution, as well as plaintiff and the accused. Inexorably, Zhang was disillusioned with these unfamiliar categories. He contended that such laws “only emphasized form rather than the spirit.” The system even allowed lawyers to legally represent disputing parties. This, to Zhang, could only disturb harmony without making a positive difference to anyone in local community.

~ Zhang 

Exhibit L:

“The move toward an independent foreign policy, which emerged in the wake of the Xinhai Revolution, came to a temporary halt. All that remained of that policy was mistrust of Japan among the Chinese people—a negative legacy that contributed greatly to the subsequent friction between the two countries.” 

~ By writer Sakurai Ryoju 

Exhibit M:

Before the revolution, Zhang served as a key agent in village mediation, a position that enabled him to engage in communal affairs and resolve disputes through negotiation with officials, clerks, and local powers. After the revolution, he now found he had lost the privileges in dealing with cases in a flexible manner. The judicial officials exerted more control over criminal proceedings than the Qing magistrates and clerks, leaving little room for mediators to manipulate in disputes. The policemen also frequently extorted fees from disputants, and even fabricated the charge and exceeded a proper degree of suspect arrest. Facing all these, Zhang lamented that Republican policemen had treated people aggressively, and had performed unjustly “regardless of who was wrong or wrong in disputes.”

TABLE OF EXHIBITS

(List your exhibits and the descriptions again.

Number the pages of your exhibits, starting with “1” and numbering all the way through all of the exhibits, like a book.

List the page number that each exhibit starts on. For example, if your first exhibit is 3 pages, then it starts on page 1, and your second exhibit starts on page 4.

If you do not have any exhibits, then remove this page.)

Exhibit Letter  Brief Description of Exhibit  Page Number 
A https://www.brainyquote.com/search_results?x=0&y=0&q=Chiang+Kai-shek 2
B https://www.brainyquote.com/search_results?x=0&y=0&q=Chiang+Kai-shek 3
C https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/sun_yatsen_778125 4
D https://www.rarenewspapers.com/view/670913 5
E https://china-journal.org/2016/03/18/chinese-revolution-1911-founding-republic-of-china/ 6
F https://alphahistory.com/chineserevolution/chinese-revolution-documents/ 7
G https://alphahistory.com/chineserevolution/chinese-revolution-documents/ 8
H https://alphahistory.com/chineserevolution/chinese-revolution-documents/                    9 – 10
I https://china-journal.org/2016/03/18/chinese-revolution-1911-founding-republic-of-china/ 11
J https://ageofrevolutions.com/2020/04/13/living-through-the-revolution-a-chinese-village-mans-reflections-in-the-early-twentieth-century/ 12
K  https://ageofrevolutions.com/2020/04/13/living-through-the-revolution-a-chinese-village-mans-reflections-in-the-early-twentieth-century/ 13
L https://www.nippon.com/en/in-depth/a00201/ 14

Animal Farm Written Response

Hello there viewer! Today I will be explaining the anatomy of the revolution, or revolutions in Animal Farm. Animal Farm is a book written by George Orwell in 1945, who has made many other famous books, like 1984, which I have yet to read. Animal Farm is also a American animated drama\propaganda film directed by John Halas and Joy Bachelor, produced in 1954. I will be showing the anatomy of the Animal Farm revolutions by connecting it to Crane Brinton’s theory of the anatomy of a revolution. Because Animal Farm had two revolutions in the book, the second revolution may be not correctly displayed by the anatomy of a revolution theory. This is caused by the fact that the second revolution doesn’t have very much of a moderate period, as it is conducted by only four animals. Napoleon, and the three dogs. You could also not even count the second revolution as a revolution, as it is conducted by such a small group in such a short amount of time. But, we cannot make a conclusion without evidence, and a valuable piece of evidence would be the definition of a revolution. According to Google the definition of revolution is: A forcible overthrow of a government or system, in factor of a new system. By judging this definition, we can conclude that there was in fact two revolutions in Animal Farm.

The incubation stage for the first revolution was when the animals were discussing about how bad the life they had was, and they started talking a bout revolting against Mr. Jones. Mr. Jones is the owner of the farm in this book, and he is similar to Czar Nicholas II in the Russian Revolution, as this book is supposed to be a representation of the Russian Revolution. You can see Snowball as Leon Trotsky, Napoleon as Joseph Stalin, and as I have already said, Mr. Jones as Nicholas II. Animal Farm did not seem to have a moderate stage in either revolution. The reign of terror in Animal Farm is when Mr. Jones comes into the barn when the animals are having a meeting, and the animals all attack him, and Mr. Jones and his men are forced to flee the farm. The reign of terror continues until after the battle when Mr. Jones and his men come back with weapons and all the animals maul them. The recovery stage happens when the animals are starting to create a society of their own, without humans.

I think that the reason why the book shows such similarity to real revolutions is because Animal Farm is very heavily based off of the Russian Revolution, as I stated earlier. These similarities to a real revolution greatly helps you determine the anatomy of the revolution using a theory that was meant to help dissect real revolutions. Going back to Animal Farm the incubation stage of the second revolution was when the rivalry between Snowball and Napoleon started heating up as Napoleon was angry because he wanted more control over the other animals. The moderate stage of the revolution was probably when Napoleon peed on Snowball’s plans for the windmill. This action caused the rivalry to heat up a lot as Snowball spent a lot of time and effort into making the plans for the windmill. The reign of terror was when Napoleon let his dogs loose to chase Snowball out of the farm. This revolution was extremely swift, and the reign of terror lasted probably about five whole minutes, which is extremely short considering the fact that most revolutions last years. Even though this is a fictional revolution and did not actually happen. The Russian Revolution lasted a whole six years, which is apparently short for a revolution. 

In conclusion, the book Animal Farm showed a correct anatomy of a revolution according to Crane Brinton’s theory. We can assume that this is probably because of the relation the book has to the Russian Revolution, as revolutions that actually happened are more likely to follow Crane Brinton’s theory. I think we can also conclude that Crane Brinton was correct with his theory. We cannot know just from this small amount of data, but the information we have proves his theory correct. It is also to be assumed that his theory is correct, as it has been widely accepted as so by many people, including me and my teachers, otherwise I would not be writing about it like I am currently.

Revolutions on Trial

This is how I solved the driving question for the Revolutions on Trial Humanities project.  The driving question for this project is: how might we as legal teams determine the effectiveness of a revolution.

I will write the answer to this at the bottom of my post.  For this project we had to create a mock trial about whether our revolution was successful or not.

This is my review and process of our project.

I think that if I were to do it again then I would find more data that supports our case for the affidavit.

I think that the presentation turned out well, and I am proud of the final result.

The steps that we took to complete this project were:

Nation X:

In Nation X we were split into two different groups, and each group went into a different room. 

Each group was split again 4 times. There was class D, class C, class B, and class A. The classes represented the hierarchy of our “Nation.” I was in class A, the lowest class. Class B was the largest class and they got paid 2$ daily, whereas us class A’s only got 1$ daily. The class C’s got 5$ daily, and the D’s got 10$ daily. We all had out individual jobs, and we completed them to get paid. There was one person in class D that was the King. The King got paid 20$ a day, and could create a law out of thin air for no reason. Our king didn’t do much and had an assistant in class D that basically had all the power. The D’s and C’s could vote, but the B’s and A’s could not. There were also foods and goods sold by some of the B’s that could be bought. We A’s got pretty restless after the second day but I’ll come back to that later. The C’s job was to be enforcement officers and they could just arrest A’s and B’s for no reason, as long as the King was not opposed to it or did not know about it. Did I forget to mention that the A’s and B’s were not allowed to talk to the C’s and D’s without permission? Some of the lucky B’s were promoted to the C category, as they the C’s did not have enough to officers.

Here is a newspaper from day 2 of our simulation:

So you can probably see by now that the society was pretty unjust for the B’s and A’s, and some of us got mad about it. We in group A had a solution: revolt. So we passed around a piece of paper in group B and A to see who wanted revolution, and of course almost everyone did. So on the night of day 2 we stormed the upper classes, and one person from our group took half of group D’s money and all of group C’s money. No one was pretend killed in the revolution, as it was stopped midway when the King’s assistant paid everyone to stop revolting and gave us the voting rights. Afterwards the King was broke and sold the crown to the goods shop at group B. Group A bought the crown for 50$. On day 5 some group B’s had an idea for a more just society: A council where 2 people from each group would sit and have equal voting rights. This council was put in place just before the simulation ended. Afterwards we were told to write about how are simulation went, did we create a just society in the end, and how we thought it would relate to real revolutions.

Animal Farm:

Animal Farm is supposed to be and analogy about the Russian Revolution. It was written by George Orwell in 1945, and was made into two different movies, one animated, one live action. In this part of the project we read the book, and made notes on each chapter as we read through it. We had to do a test on how the revolutions in the book relate to Crane Brinton’s theory, which is an anatomy of a revolution. I will put the link to my written response/test here.

Here is the Anatomy of a Revolution from Crane Brinton:

Look at the written response if you want to know about the Russian Revolution and Animal Farm. 

The Mock Trial:

For the Mock Trial we were split into groups, and my group was the prosecution for the Xinhai Revolution, and we had to create an affidavit that contained useful information to support our claim. To gather information for our affidavit, we had to search the internet for quotes, articles, and images to support our claim that the Xinhai Revolution was ineffective. An effective revolution has to have:

  • Political reform aligning with the voice of the people.
  • Increased rights, freedoms, and liberties for the people.
  • Removal of a dictator with full control in all matters.
  • Financial stability achieved.
  • Standard of living improved.
  • Removal of internal conflict.

Our group found it difficult to find information against the revolution, as China is known for censorship and they were for the revolution, so they would remove information against the revolution and the public image is very important to China. Once we gathered the information to support our opinion we put it into our affidavit and filtered out the ones that best supported our claim. I will leave the link to the affidavit here.

Once we finished the affidavit we went on to make the script template which took quite a long time and I will leave the link to here.

The script template was made by us choosing roles, as we had lawyers, and the witness. Our witness was Zhang Gang, a man who was for the revolution at first, but then was against it once he realized that it was not as fair and just after the revolution as the revolutionaries said it would be. In the presentation part of this, we did end up losing to the defence, but I feel that we still had a good argument nonetheless. I do think that this revolution was effective, even though I was placed on the prosecution team. If you want to see all the presentations I will leave the link the the videos here.

Here is the video of our mock trial

I learned a lot about how to prepare for arguments for different sides of an opinion. Even though I did not agree with the side I was on, I still argued for it. I think that lawyers would sometimes also have to do the same.

Thank you for taking the time to read my blog, and have a great day.

Correlation vs Causation Scimatics project

This is how I solved the driving question for the Correlation vs Causation Scimatics project.  The driving question for this project is: What is the difference between correlation and causation.

I will write the answer to this at the bottom of my post. For this project we had to make a presentation and a survey. The presentation had to contain a chart evaluating the data on our survey.

Here is the project start mind map

Here is the presentation that we made for our project

This is my review and process of creating the presentation.

I think that if I were to do it again then I would make all the questions in the survey multiple choice, as a lot of people gave strange answers when they had the option to type their own.

I think that the graph looks pretty cool, and I am proud of the final result.

The Curricular Competencies for this project are:

  1.  Planning and conducting: Select and use appropriate equipment, including digital technologies, to systematically and accurately collect and record data.

This means that two correlations are found using well crafted survey results. The survey results and correlations are are displayed and explained through presentation software. At least two graphs are analyzed to confirm correlation.

I think I did well in this competency as we were able to show quite strong correlations, and we also showed a strong form of causation.

2)   Communicating and Representing: Use mathematical vocabulary and language to contribute to mathematical discussions

This means that verbal and pictorial explanations help the audience to understand the circumstances where both correlation and causation are present, and also where a correlation is falsely associated with causation. A logical explanation for causation is explored for one case.

I think I did well in this competency, as we had a good explanation for our causation and how the correlated data is influenced.

3)   Applying and Innovating: Contribute to care for self, others, community, and world through individual or collaborative approaches

This means that good ethics are followed when conducting surveys. All class time is used efficiently for learning without distractions.

I think I did okay with this competency as we had ethical questions in our survey, but I did get distracted a few times during the project.

The steps that I took to make this game were:

Milestone 1:  For this milestone we made a project start mind map in MindNode

Milestone 2:  For this milestone we used the template in numbers to conduct a survey

Milestone 3:  For this milestone we made a document that explained which correlations we would be looking for, and how we will use the numbers template to plot the data.

Milestone 4:  For this milestone we plotted the data of 2 survey questions

Milestone 5:  For this milestone we made an outline for our presentation.

Milestone 6:  For this milestone we made a finished copy of our presentation and presented it.

Milestone 7:  For this milestone we made the blog post which I am doing right now.

As the answer to the driving question, the difference between correlation and causation is that correlation does not mean that one of the pieces of data influences the other, but causation does.

I learned a lot about correlations in this project.

Here is a the finished project.

IMG_8629

Thank you for taking the time to read my blog, and have a great day.

People and the environment Humanities

This is how I solved the driving question for the People and the Environment Humanities project.  The driving question for this project is: How do people and the environment affect each other.

For this project we had to make a letter to a important person and the letter has to be about the environment.

Here is the letter that I made

This is my review and process of creating the letter:

I think that if I were to do it again then I would make the letter longer and contain more info.

I think that the finished letter looks pretty cool, and I am proud of the final result.

The Success criteria for this project were:

1) I can analyze how texts use literary devices to enhance both meaning and impact.

I can analyze how texts use literary devices to enhance both meaning and impact.

This means that I have completed all CommonLit Readings and responded to how authors construct meaning. This also means that I use the CommonLit Readings as exemplars of structure, mood, and persuasion techniques.

I think I did ok for this part of the criteria, as I got ok marks on the commonlits

2)   I can use writing and design processes to plan, develop, and create original, engaging, and meaningful texts for a variety of purposes and audiences.

This means that I can identify a specific environmental topic of interest to research, design, and develop text. I can also identify specific authentic audience and work together with group to identify target goal.

I think I did well in this part of the criteria, as I found a topic of interest and spent a lot of time researching that topic.

3)   I can reflect, assess, and refine texts to improve clarity, effectiveness, and impact for purpose, audience, and message.

This means that I can complete all CommonLit Writing activities to apply to letter writing. I can present a letter to a senior PLP student for critique. I can revise and create multiple drafts of letter for clarity and effectiveness.

I think I did ok in this part of the criteria, as I created multiple drafts of my letter and revised it quite a  few times, but I did not do well on connecting my letter to the commonlit activities as I did not complete the outline soon enough.

The steps that I took to make this game were:

Milestone 1:  For this milestone we made an outline for our letter.

Milestone 2:  For this milestone we did peer critique for our letter.

Milestone 3:  For this milestone we read commonlit stories about the environment.

Milestone 4:  For this milestone we connected our letter to the commonlit stories.

Milestone 5:  For this milestone we finished our letter and sent it through the mail.

Milestone 6:  For this milestone we made the blog post which I am doing right now.

I learned a lot about how we are destroying the environment, and how to help stop it.

 

Here is a picture of the finished project being mailed

Thank you for taking the time to read my blog, and have a great day.

Game of exponent laws blog post

This is how I solved the driving question for the Game of exponent laws Scimatics project.  The driving question for this project is: How does math make games more complex, interesting, and re-playable?

I will write the answer to this at the bottom of my post.  For this project we had to create a physical card game that uses exponent laws and invite another grade of PLP to play our game.

Here is the map for the game

Here is the cards in the game

This is my review and process of creating the game.

I think that if I were to do it again then I would try to make it less complicated, as it was an extremely complex game.

I think that the overall game is pretty fun, and I am proud of the final result.

The Curricular Competencies for this project are:

  1.  Reasoning and Analyzing: Use logic and patterns to solve puzzles and play games

This means that a clear and simple points system and win conditions for the game are carefully designed.

I think that I could have done better in this competency, as the win conditions and points were designed, but it was extremely complicated.

2)  Communicating and Representing: Represent mathematical ideas in concrete, pictorial, and symbolic forms

This means that a set of clear, complete, interesting and personalized instructions are

created for how each player takes their turn. Examples are included. The game design uses at least 4 different exponent laws and using these laws is integrated into each player’s turn.

I think that I did okay with this competency, as we went to great lengths to integrate 4 exponent laws in our game, even though our instructions were not as clear as preferable.

3)   Applying and Innovating: Contribute to care for self, others, community, and world through individual or collaborative approaches

This means that all class time is used efficiently for learning without distractions. All group members contribute equally.

I think I did well with this competency at the start because I was sick for the first bit, I made up for it by spending a lot of time and effort making the cards and helping make the rules more understandable.

The steps that I took to make this game were:

Milestone 1:  For this milestone we made an interesting and unique dice rolling game with our group and collaboratively wrote detailed instructions.

Milestone 2:  For this milestone we watched a video on exponents and did an exponent quiz.

Milestone 3:  For this milestone we did a written test on exponents.

Milestone 4:  For this milestone we split into groups and wrote an outline for our game

Milestone 5:  For this milestone we made made the cards for our game and finished the rules

Milestone 6:  For this milestone we presented our game to other people

Milestone 7:  For this milestone we made the blog post which I am doing right now.

As the answer to the driving question, math makes a game more interesting because then the game is not just luck, it has some strategy too.

I learned a lot about exponents in this project

Here is a picture of the finished project.

Thank you for taking the time to read my blog, and have a great day.